understanding mediation for family mediation

Understanding Mediation Information and Assessment Meetings (MIAM) in the UK

Mediation Information and Assessment Meetings (MIAM) serve as a preliminary step in the family mediation process in England and Wales. They are designed to inform and assess whether mediation is suitable for resolving family disputes outside of court. These meetings play a critical role by introducing parties to the benefits and process of mediation, helping them understand how it can be a more collaborative, less adversarial approach to resolving their issues. 

The importance of a MIAM extends beyond information dissemination; it is a prerequisite in family law disputes, ensuring that all parties have considered mediation before proceeding to court. This introduction aims to educate readers about the foundational aspects of MIAMs, setting the stage for a deeper understanding of its processes, benefits, and expectations.

What is Miam?

A MIAM serves as the first step in the family mediation process, setting the groundwork for potential resolution paths.

Definition and Purpose of MIAM

A MIAM is a statutory session for those seeking to resolve disputes through family courts in England and Wales. It’s designed to inform both parties about the mediation process and explore the potential for resolving issues without proceeding to litigation. 

MIAMs are an opportunity for potential parties to learn about mediation and other dispute resolution processes so that they can make informed choices about how best to resolve issues arising from separation, and for mediators to assess the suitability of mediation for the parties, and to signpost them to other services. A MIAM is not an opportunity simply to comply with a requirement of a Court, though a properly conducted MIAM will certainly achieve that purpose.

Legal Requirements Surrounding MIAM

Legally, anyone wanting to apply to the family court to resolve child arrangement or financial issues as part of divorce must first attend a MIAM unless they qualify for specific exemptions such as cases involving domestic abuse or urgency. 

This legal requirement underscores the Government’s commitment to reducing litigation in family disputes and promoting resolutions that could be less emotionally taxing and more cost-effective. During the MIAM, a trained mediator assesses whether mediation is appropriate for the case, considering factors like the willingness of parties to cooperate and the complexity of the dispute.

By understanding MIAMs and recognising its mandatory nature in family law proceedings, individuals can better prepare for what to expect and how to approach their disputes with a mediation mindset. This foundational knowledge is essential for anyone entering the family mediation process, providing them the tools to navigate their legal journey more effectively.

The MIAM Process

Exploring the benefits of a MIAM reveals how this initial meeting can positively impact the mediation journey ahead.

Step-by-Step Breakdown of MIAM

Miams follow a structured process to establish whether mediation is suitable for resolving a family dispute:

Provide information – mediators must share with parties sufficient information about mediation, likely costs and other dispute resolution processes to enable them to make informed choices about how to resolve the issues they raise.

Listen and obtain information for accurate assessment, signposting and consideration of appropriate options; mediators must obtain information from participants about their circumstances and the issues arising from separation; and in order to build the necessary rapport, mediators must give potential participants both the time and opportunity to be heard.  

Asses safety and suitability for mediation – mediators must assess the safety and suitability of mediation for participants at a MIAM.

Determine next steps – it is important that MIAM participants each leave the meeting with a clear idea of their next steps.

Initially, the mediator provides an overview of the mediation process, including its goals and benefits. Participants then individually share their perspectives and the issues they wish to resolve without the other party present. This ensures privacy and allows the mediator to assess the situation without biases or conflicts. The mediator will also discuss any concerns about safety or imbalances in negotiating power during this stage.

Conductors of the Meeting and Topics Covered

MIAMs are conducted by specially trained and accredited mediators experienced in handling sensitive family issues. These professionals ensure that all discussions are productive and focused on finding solutions. 

Typical topics covered during a MIAM include:

  • Child arrangements
  • Financial settlements
  • Property distribution. 

The mediator will also explain the legal framework surrounding family disputes and mediation, helping participants understand their rights and options.

Benefits of Attending a MIAM

Attending an MIAM can significantly benefit individuals navigating the complexities of family disputes. 

Firstly, it offers an opportunity to understand the mediation process thoroughly, including how it can be a less confrontational alternative to traditional court proceedings. This understanding can empower parties to take a more active role in shaping the outcomes of their disputes.

Furthermore, MIAMs fosters an environment where open communication is encouraged, and all parties can express their needs and concerns safely. This setting often facilitates more amicable agreements, focusing on mutual benefits rather than adversarial wins. 

Such outcomes are more satisfying, can preserve relationships, and provide a stable foundation for future interactions, which is essential in situations involving children.

By highlighting these benefits, individuals are more likely to approach mediation with a positive and open mindset, significantly enhancing the chances of successful resolution.

What a MIAM Isn’t

Despite its critical role, there are common misconceptions and clear limitations to what MIAMs can accomplish.

H3: Clarifying Misconceptions about MIAM

A MIAM is often misunderstood as a form of mediation session itself, which it is not. Instead, it is a preliminary meeting designed to share information and assess the suitability of mediation for resolving a specific family dispute. 

This meeting does not involve negotiation on the issues at hand but assesses whether those issues might be resolved through mediation.

Limitations of MIAM

While MIAMs aims to facilitate the mediation process, they do not guarantee that a case will proceed to mediation. 

In situations where one party is unwilling to mediate or if the mediator assesses that mediation is not appropriate due to factors like high conflict or concerns about domestic aabuse, the process may still need to proceed to court.

What to Expect During MIAM

Entering a MIAM, participants should have clear expectations about the structure and confidentiality of the meeting.

Description of a Typical MIAM Session

A typical MIAM session lasts about 45 minutes to an hour. During this time, the mediator explains the mediation process, hears the participants’ issues, and assesses whether mediation is suitable. 

Each party is seen separately, and the mediator will gather information about the background of the dispute and the parties’ positions.

Confidentiality and Decision-making

Confidentiality is paramount in MIAMs; nothing said during aMIAM can be outside of the meeting if mediation does not proceed (notwithstanding concerns about anyone’s safety and proceeds from crime). 

This encourages open and honest communication. Decision-making remains with the parties, as the mediator’s role is to facilitate discussion and help identify possible solutions, not to make decisions.

Costs and Forms Associated with MIAM

Understanding the financial and administrative requirements of MIAM helps participants prepare effectively for the meeting.

Overview of Typical Costs

The cost of attending an MIAM varies, but typically, it ranges from £90 to £150 per person, depending on the mediation service and the region. If either party is eligible for legal aid, the cost of both MIAMs will be covered by legal aid. In addition, in the UK, families can apply for the Family Mediation Voucher Scheme. The scheme offers up to £500 towards the cost of family mediation (if eligible). 

Preparing for MIAM

Effective preparation is essential to maximise the benefits of your Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting.

Tips on How to Prepare

If you are able to think about what you want to achieve in mediation ready to share with the mediator. 

Questions to Ask and Information to Gather

It’s also beneficial to prepare specific questions for the mediator. These might include enquiries about their experience with similar cases, their approach to conflict resolution, or details about the mediation process timeline. Understanding what to expect can help alleviate anxiety and set the stage for a productive meeting.


The Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting is a vital first step in resolving disputes through mediation and plays a crucial role in the family mediation process by offering a structured environment to explore alternative dispute resolutions. 

Approaching MIAMs thoroughly can significantly influence the outcome, providing a pathway towards amicable and constructive resolutions. It’s important to recognise the value of this initial meeting in setting the tone for subsequent mediation sessions.

H3: Residing in Hertfordshire and Ready to take the first step towards resolving your dispute through mediation?

Contact us today to learn more about the MIAM process or to schedule your Mediation Information and Assessment Meeting. 

We are here to guide you through every step of the process, ensuring that you approach your mediation with confidence and the best chance for success. Visit our website or call us directly to get started.


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